Czech Mycology 65(1): 89–101             Article published online: 10th June, 2013 doi: 10.33585/cmy.65107

SAWMYA K., VASUDEVAN T. G., MURALI T. S.

Fungal endophytes from two orchid species - pointer towards organ specificity.

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Abstract

Fungal endophytes may influence plant communities by altering the host’s fitness either positively or negatively. Little is known, however, about their host/organ specificity, life style and role in plantfungus symbiosis under varying environmental conditions. We compared the leaf and root endophyte assemblages of two orchids (Bulbophyllum neilgherrense and Pholidota pallida) from natural forests and greenhouse conditions. Xylariaceae species were consistently associated with leaf and root tissues, while Guignardia and Pestalotiopsis were found predominantly in the leaf tissues of both orchids. Correspondence analysis of the endophyte assemblages showed that the endophytes exhibited distinct organ but little host specificity. More endophytes were shared by the two different orchids growing in the same location when compared to endophyte assemblages of a single orchid from different locations. Considering the influence of endophytes in shaping the host’s community, diverse habitats must be screened vigorously to address questions regarding the role of endophytes in hostendophyte interactions.


Keywords:     fungal endophytes, environment, orchids, Bulbophyllum neilgherrense, Pholidota pallida

Full citation:

Sawmya K., Vasudevan T. G., Murali T. S. (2013): Fungal endophytes from two orchid species - pointer towards organ specificity. – Czech Mycology 65(1): 89–101. copy to clipboard


doi: 10.33585/cmy.65107

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